Please see below a variety of tools developed by different organizations to help cities develop GHGs inventories and low-carbon strategies.


Name Coverage GHG inventory Benchmarking Projection Ranking Sector/Policy Prioritizing Policy Analysis Technology

Benchmarking and Energy Saving Tool for Low Carbon Cities (BEST Cities)

Industry, building, transport, power, public lighting, water, waste, green space

Chinese Subnational Low Carbon Development Planning and Analysis Toolkit

Environment, social, economy


Eco and Low-carbon Indicator Tool for Evaluating Cities (ELITE Cities)

Energy and climate, water, air, waste, mobility, economic health, land use, social health

GHG Accounting Tool for Chinese Cities

Energy, industry, agriculture, land use change and forestry, waste

Global Protocol for Community-Scale Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventories (GPC)

Energy, industry, agriculture, land use change and forestry, waste

Green Resources & Energy Analysis Tool (GREAT)

Energy, industry, transport, buildings

The Climate Action for Urban Sustainability Tool (CURB)

building, transport, water, public lighting, electricity generation, waste

The Comprehensive Assessment System for Built Environment Efficiency for Cities (CASBEE-City)

The Tool for Rapid Assessment of City Energy (TRACE) 

Transport, building, public lighting, water, power, waste

Urban Form Rapid Assessment Model (Urban-RAM)

Carbon footprint, embodied and operational