Located at the northern tip of the North China Plain;
China’s capital and second largest city; a directly-controlled municipality under the national government;
China’s political, economic and cultural center.
In 2015, GDP: 2,296.86 billion yuan; GDP growth rate: 7%; per capita GDP: 106,284 yuan; tertiary industry as share of total: 78%; urbanization rate: 86.5%;
Lack of energy resources; energy consumption in 2015: 74.545 million tons of coal equivalent.
Target as reflected in the U.S.-China Climate Leaders Declaration:
To achieve the peaking of CO2 emissions around 2020.
To increase urban sustainable development level by promoting regional cooperation; to optimize and upgrade economic restructure; to improve the market emission reduction mechanism; to develop and apply advanced low-carbon technologies and products.
Climate Action Plan:
Beijing Government published its "13th Five-Year Plan for Energy Efficiency and Climate Change Action (in Chinese)" in August, 2016.